Woman getting a blood pressure

Metabolic syndrome

What is metabolic syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome (also known as syndrome X or insulin-resistance syndrome) is a collection of conditions that occur together and increase a person’s risk of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.

These conditions include:

It is estimated that as many as 30% of Australians are affected by metabolic syndrome.

What are the symptoms of metabolic syndrome?

Some of the conditions of metabolic syndrome don’t have signs or symptoms, while others do.

Potential symptoms include:

What causes metabolic syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome is strongly associated with lifestyle factors including poor diet and lack of physical activity.

How is metabolic syndrome diagnosed?

A person is diagnosed with metabolic syndrome if they have three of more of the following:

How is metabolic syndrome treated?

Positive lifestyle changes can help to treat metabolic syndrome and reduce associated risks.

This may include:

Medication may also be required to treat conditions such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure.

How can metabolic syndrome be prevented?

As with the management of metabolic syndrome, the best way to prevent these conditions is to ensure positive lifestyle choices e.g. a healthy diet and regular physical activity.

Acknowledgement of Country

The Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute acknowledges Traditional Owners of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures; and to Elders past and present.

Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute - The Home of Heart Research for 30 Years